Lesson #135: The Verb लगना lagnaa Part 2
Last lesson we began to learn about the Hindi verb लगना lagnaa. Can you remember what we learnt? We saw how to say some sentences like…
मुझे भूख लग रही थी
mujhe bhookh lag rahee thee
- I was (feeling) hungry
We covered quite a lot in that lesson so be sure to read back over it if you feel like you’ve forgot anything! Today we’re going to learn two other uses for the verb लगना lagnaa. Do you think you’re ready to get going?
Lesson #134: The Verb लगना lagnaa Part 1
In today’s lesson we’re going to begin to look at the Hindi verb लगना lagnaa. This is one of the most common verbs in Hindi and unfortunately it can also be real tricky to understand and translate sometimes, it just has so many meanings! So let’s get straight into it, are you ready?
The most literal meaning of लगना lagnaa is ‘to be attached’ or ‘to be stuck’, so we might say something like…
ढक्कन नहीं लगा था
dhakkan naheen lagaa thaa
- The lid was not attached
That’s easy enough yeah? Now you might be surprised to hear that in Hindi we can use this verb to talk about feelings. How does that work? Well let me show you an example to start with…
Lesson #133: कर kar - After…
In today’s lesson we’re going to learn about an easy, but powerful, verb construction in Hindi. It’s technical name is the conjunctive particle or the absolutive, but don’t let those scary names put you off! Do you think you’re ready to get going? Great! Let’s start with something we already know then; how would we say “I read the newspaper” (read as in past tense). That’s right, just as we learnt in Lesson #83 we’d say…
मैंने अख़बार पढ़ा mainne akhbaar parhaa
- I read the newspaper
Great! So now suppose we wanted to make this sentence a little more interesting and say “after eating I read the newspaper” - how would we do this? Well it’s easier than you might think! All we do is take the verb खाना khaanaa - ‘to eat’ and change it to खाकर khaakar - ‘after eating’, and then wack it into the start of our sentence…
मैंने खाकर अख़बार पढ़ा mainne khaakar akhbaar parhaa
- After eating I read the newspaper
Can you see whats happened? Let’s look at a few more examples to get more used to it….
Annonymous Asked: Namaste, please explain to me what is the meaning of ‘karta’ in hindi and how do we use it in a sentence?
Namaste and thanks for the question, let’s see if I can help you! Firstly then the word करता kartaa is actually a ‘form’ of the verb करना karnaa - and करना karnaa is a means ”to do”. With me so far?
It’s really important to know this verb because you may need it whenever you talk about anyone doing anything!
Now if you head over to Lesson #28 The Present Tense and have a little read of that you’ll see that when we drop the ना naa from the end of the verb and add either ता taa, ते te or ती tee it means that we are usuing the present tense! So, with this verb this would be sentences like “I do”, “he does”, “they do” etc etc! With me still?
So a few easy examples to start, we might say; मैं करता हूँ main kartaa hoon - I do (said by a male), or निशा करती है nishaa kartee hai - Nisha does. If you’re confused about this read Lesson #28 again!
Sometimes the verb करना karnaa gets paired with another word to turn this word into a verb - let me show you some examples to help you understand…
Lesson #129: The Future Continuous Tense
Right the way back in Lesson #35 we learnt all about the Present Continuous Tense in Hindi, can you remember back that far? Let’s have a quick refresh incase you’ve forgotten anything! Remember the Present Continuous Tense is sentences that say “someone is doing something” and so for example, how would we say “I am reading a book” in Hindi? That’s right we’d say…
मैं किताब पढ़ रहा हूँ main kitaab parh rahaa hoon
- I am reading a book (said by a male)
If you’re lost, or feel like you can’t remember this then simply head on back to Lesson #35 and have a read through of the lesson again and then come back here!
Now today we’re going to use this to learn about the Future Continuous Tense. So are you ready to get going with it? Well here goes…