Pronouns! So right away our first question is: what are pronouns? Well simply pronouns are words like I, you, he, they, she, we etc. They are words that refer to people. Honestly, even if the word sounds confusing, it’s super easy!
Learning Hindi grammar really doesn’t have to be boring and dull like your old text books, if taught properly it can be fun, exciting and interesting!
Ok, now we know what a pronoun is the next question is why do we want to learn about them in Hindi? Well pronouns are some of the most common and most important words to know! You won’t get very far if you can’t refer to someone!
So are you ready to learn Hindi pronouns? अच्छा acchaa great! We’ve broken them up into groups, which you’ll see as you go through! Deep breath let’s get to it
Key - Devanagari Transliteration English.
First Person Singular
मैं main - I
First Person Plural
हम ham - We
Second Person Singular
तू too - You (Intimate)
Second Person Plural
तुम tum - You (Informal)
आप aap - You (Formal)
If you look like this right now then just hold on - it will all make sense in a minute!
Woah! Hold on a second, so you’re saying that Hindi has three words for “you”?! What’s the difference between them then? Well I assure you it’s not as complicated as you think. Each different word is used for different levels of politeness:
- Use आप aap in all formal situations to show politeness, like when meeting someone for the first time, talking to someone older than you or simply to show respect.
- तुम tum is most common and is used in most informal situations like when chatting with your friends.
- And तू too is used in very informal and intimate situations, for example when talking to your partner or to young children. तू too is also often used in Music and Poetry to show intimacy and closeness. It would be considered extremely rude to use तू too talking about someone you are not close with!
Ready to carry on learning about pronouns? Great well here goes…
Third Person Singular
यह yah - He / She/ It / This
वह vah - He / She/ It / That
In casual spoken Hindi these words are pronounced slightly differently: यह is pronounced yeh and वह is pronounced voh. You can hear these just below. This is what I will be using on the site simply beacuse it’s so much more common!
But wait, if both these words mean he/she/it then how do we know which one to use? Easy!
- यह yeh is used when you’re talking about someone or something close to you - in the physical distant sense of the word. So if someone’s stood right next to you then you would use यह yeh.
- वह voh is used when you’re talking about someone or something further away. So if the person you’re talking about is the other side of the street you use वह voh.
This difference can be a little confusing so don’t worry - If in doubt use वह voh.
Third Person Plural
ये ye - These / They
वे ve- Those / They
Be aware that you’ll often hear वे ve being pronounced as the singular “voh”! These two follow the same rules: ये ye for people / things close to you (in the distance sense) and वे vo for people / things further away!
Another thing to notice is that both यह yeh or वह voh could mean either he or she! There’s no difference for gender! So how do you know if they’re talking about a “he” or a “she”? Well, you have to rely on other things in the sentence - we’re going to be learning about this stuff soon!
If you’ve understood and can remember everything from this lesson then you should have a great big smile like this!
Phew that was quite a lot of words. Did you get them all? Don’t worry if you didn’t! Keep practising them as much as you can till you get them completely perfect.
Back to Beginner’s Grammar.