Learning Hindi!

नमस्ते namaste and welcome to Learning Hindi! We teach the beautiful language of Hindi in short, easy and fun lessons. Best of all, everything is completely free!
Image by LilSunshinePhotography
Can you explain the use of apne/apna? I never understood it and when I took hindi class at school the whole class tried to explain it to me but I didn't get it. I always think of apna like hamara or tera. I know that thats not exactly what it means but thats what I "think" it means, can you please clarify this for me? Thank you so much!

Namaste and thank you for the question. Of course I can help you here!

अपना apnaa is ineed a very tricky word to get your head round, especially for English speakers. But this is excellent because I have already covered the use of अपना apnaa in Lesson #52 Click here!. I’m presuming you haven’t seen that yet! 

Remember that अपना apnaa replaces the possessive pronoun (which could be hamaaraa or teraa as you’ve said) when it refers to the same person as the subject of the sentence. 

I’ll show you a detailed example here;

मेरा पानी meraa paanee - my water. This is quite straight forward right? (Remember that पानी paanee is masculine even though it ends with -ee).

Now how would you say ‘I drink my water’? Who is the subject of this sentence? Yeah, It’s ‘I’ - me. And who is doing the possessing (owning)? Yeah, that’s ‘me’ again, I’m ‘possessing’ /owning the water. So I am the person doing the possessing and the subject of the sentence, so instead of using मेरा पानी meraa paanee we’re going to replace it and instead use अपना पानी apnaa paanee. So the sentence is; 

मैं अपना पानी पीता हूँ। main apnaa paanee peetaa hoon - I drink my water. (Said by a male, a female would say पीती peetee instead of पीता peetaa)

Has that helped at all? Read Lesson #52 Click Here though a few times and read that example above and it should clarify your issues. But please ask again if you’re still having any difficulties at all. I will try and post a quiz soon involving this so you can test your understanding. 

Thank you again for your question. 

comments powered by Disqus